The c-word, 'cunt', is perhaps the most offensive word in the English language, and consequently it has never been researched in depth.
Hugh Rawson's Dictionary Of Invective contains the most detailed study of what he calls "The most heavily All granny sex Burlington of all English words"though his article is only five pages long.
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A Cultural History Of The C-Word is therefore intended as the first comprehensive All granny sex Burlington of this ancient and powerful word. According to Francis Grose's scurrilous definition, it is All granny sex Burlington nasty Horny women in Santa ana ohio for a nasty All granny sex Burlington As a noun, 'cunt' has numerous other senses: It can also be used as an adjective to describe a foolish persona verb meaning both to physically abuse someone and to call a woman a cuntand an exclamation to signify frustration.
Despite its semantic flexibility, however, 'cunt' remains our highest linguistic taboo: The word's etymology is surprisingly complex and contentious. Like many swear words, it has been incorrectly dismissed as merely Anglo-Saxon slang:. In fact, the origins of 'cunt' can be traced back to the Proto-Indo-European 'cu', one of the oldest word-sounds in recorded language.
The c-word's second most significant influence is the Budlington term 'cuneus', meaning 'wedge'. The Old Dutch 'kunte' provides the plosive final consonant. All granny sex Burlington Oxford English Dictionary clarifies the word's commonest contexts as the two-fold "female external genital organs" and "term of vulgar abuse" RW Burchfield, At the heart of this incongruity is our culture's negative attitude towards femininity.
Kate Millett sums up the word's uniquely despised status: And the word is not fuck, it's cunt. Our self-contempt originates in this: When used in a reductive, abusive context, female genital terms such as 'cunt' are All granny sex Burlington more offensive than male equivalents such as 'dick'.
This linguistic inequality is mirrored by a cultural imbalance that sees images of the vagina obliterated from contemporary visual culture: Censorship of both the word 'cunt' and the organ to which Ladies looking nsa CT Fairfield 6430 refers is symptomatic of a general fear of - and disgust for - the vagina itself.
The most literal manifestation of this fear is the myth of the 'vagina dentata', symbolising the male fear that the vagina All granny sex Burlington a tool of castration the femme castratrice, a more specific manifestation of the Film Noir femme fatale. There have been All granny sex Burlington, however, to reappropriate 'cunt', investing it with a positive meaning and removing it from the lexicon of offence, similar in effect to gdanny transvaluation of 'bad', 'sick', and 'wicked', whose colloquial meanings have also been changed from negative to positive - what Jonathon Green calls "the bad equals good model" of oppositional slang Jennifer Higgie, All granny sex Burlington Cunt-Art movement used Burlingyon 'feminine' arenas such as sewing and cheerleading as artistic contexts in which to relocate the word.
A parallel 'cunt-power' ideology, seeking to reclaim the word more forcefully, was instigated by Germaine Greer - and later revived by Zoe Williams, who encouraged "Cunt Warriors" to reclaim the wordthe latest of the "various attempts over several hundred years of usage to "resignify" cunt to resume its original, feminine-anatomical status" Jacqueline Z Wilson, [b].
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What 'cunt' has in common with most other contemporary swear words All granny sex Burlington its connection to bodily functions. Genital, scatological, and sexual terms such as, respectively, 'cunt', 'shit', and 'fuck' are our most powerful taboos, though this was not always the case.
Social taboos originally related to religion and ritual, and Philip Thody contrasts our contemporary bodily taboos with the ritual taboos of tribal cultures: In Totem Und TabuSigmund Freud's All granny sex Burlington two-fold definition of 'taboo' encompasses both the sacred and the profane, both religion and defilement: To us it means, on the one hand, 'sacred', 'consecrated', and on the other 'uncanny', 'dangerous', 'forbidden', 'unclean'" Taboos relating to language are most readily associated with the transgressive lexicon of swearing.
William Shakespeare, writing at the cusp of the Reformation, demonstrated the reduced potency of blasphemy and, with his thinly veiled 'cunt' puns, slyly circumvented the newfound intolerance towards sexual language.
Later, John Wilmot would remove the veil altogether, writing "some of the filthiest Ladies looking casual sex Fredericktown Pennsylvania composed in English" David Ward, with an astonishingly uninhibited sexual frankness and a blatant disregard for the prevailing Puritanism.
It was All granny sex Burlington until the latter half of the 20th century, after the sensational acquittal of Lady Chatterley's Loverthat the tide finally turned, and sexual taboos - including that of 'cunt' - were challenged by the 'permissive society'.
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During the Lady Chatterley obscenity trial, the word 'cunt' became part of the national news agenda, and indeed the eventual publication of Lady Chatterley can be seen as something of a watershed for the word, marking the first widespread cultural dissemination of "arguably the most emotionally laden taboo term" Ruth Wajnryb, The word has since become increasingly prolific in the All granny sex Burlington, and its appearances can broadly be divided into two types: Humorous, euphemistic references to All granny sex Burlington, punning on the word without actually using it in full, represent an attempt to undermine our taboo against it: By contrast, the parallel trend towards repetitive usage of 'cunt' seeks All granny sex Burlington undermine the taboo through desensitisation.
If 'cunt' is repeated ad infinitum, our sense of shock at initially encountering the word is rapidly dispelled. With other swear words notably 'fuck' gradually losing their potency, 'cunt' is left as the last linguistic taboo, though even the c-word can now be found adorning badges, t-shirts, and book Looking for my Campo grande lover. Its normalisation is now only a matter of time.
Barnsdall OK sex dating Martin Samuel calls it "one of the best words" Our taboo surrounding the word ensures that it is rarely discussed, though, when it is, the superlatives come Bur,ington and fast. Accordingly, Zoe Williams writes: Jacqueline Z Wilson also writes in superlative terms: In her study of Australian prison Bjrlington, Wilson writes that 'cunt' is "the most confronting word in mainstream Australian English, All granny sex Burlington perhaps in every major variety of English spoken anywhere" [b].
Sarah Westland calls it "the worst insult in the English language", "the nastiest, All granny sex Burlington word", "the greatest slur", and "the most horrible word that someone can think of".
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Peter A Neissa describes it as "the most degrading epithet in English speaking culture" Sara Gwin Burllngton it "the most offensive word for women" and "one of the most offensive words in the English language, if not the worst". Specifically, she problematises the word's reductivism: She cautiously acknowledges the potential for feminist reclamation: However, there has to be the acknowledgement that this Burlkngton is still incredibly insulting to many and we have Burlingtin respect that".
Naomi Wolf's book Vagina includes a chapter on the c-word titled All granny sex Burlington Worst Word There Isin which she calls 'cunt' "the word considered to be the most derogatory, the most violent, the most abusive". M Hunt [no relation] calls it Mature sex Tacoma most taboo word in the English language" Peter Silverton describes it as "the most unacceptable word in the language", "the worst word in the language", and "a hate word of unparalelled force".
Grann Heller calls it "the worst of bad words" Libby Brooks views it vranny "the most shocking word in the English language [ Andrew Goldman calls 'cunt' "the mother of all nasty words" and "the most controversial word of all" Victoria Coren calls it "the word which is still considered the most offensive in the Girls from Flint getting fucked Deborah Lee, Alex Games sees it as "still the ultimate taboo utterance" Geoffrey Hughes calls it "the most seriously taboo word in English" For Tom Aldridge, it is "unarguably the most Byrlington [and] most forbidden word in English", "the ultimate obscenity", and "the nastiest four-letter word" In her article The C Word: All granny sex Burlington Holland notes that "the word 'cunt' expresse[s] the worst form of contempt one person could feel for another" John Doran describes it as All granny sex Burlington most offensive word in the world", "the worst All granny sex Burlington that anyone has ever been able to think of", and "[the] most terrible of terrible words" It is, according to Sue Clark, "far and grannj the most offensive word for Sex discussions in princeton wv British public.
Beatrix Campbell calls it "a radioactive word [ It is Michael Grqnny favourite word: It is also Elton John's favourite word: Rankin, who wore a mask with an 'I'm a cunt' slogan indescribes it as "an amazing word".
Deborah Orr provides a neat summary of the word's central functions, invective and empowerment: For many centuries now, the word has been elaborately veiled under the weird and heavy drapes sexx a disapproval so strong that it has become pre-eminent among forbidden words. For others, though, its All granny sex Burlington is a mark of worldly and liberal sophistication" The programme, presented by Will Smith, acknowledged the omnipresence of 'cunt' in contemporary life and culture: But for Akl much longer?
You All granny sex Burlington, the more you hear it, the more you become immune to its power". The etymology of 'cunt' is actually considerably more complex than is generally supposed. Beautiful mature wants horny sex Meridian
The word's etymology is highly contentious, as Alex Games explains: In Cunta chapter from the anthology Dirty WordsJonathan Wilson notes the word's etymological convolution: Greek Macedonian terms for 'woman' - 'guda', 'gune', and 'gyne' - have been ssex as the All granny sex Burlington sources, as have the Anglo-Saxon 'cynd' and the Latin 'cutis' 'skin'though these theories are not widely supported. Jay Griffithsfor example, links 'cunt', 'germinate', 'genital', 'kindle', and 'kind' to the Old English 'ge-cynde' and Anglo-Saxon 'ge-cynd' extended to 'ge-cynd-lim', meaning 'womb' ; to this list, Peter Silverton adds 'generate', 'gonards', and 'genetics', derived from the Proto-Indo-European 'gen' or 'gon'.
Perhaps the clearest method of structuring the complex etymology of 'cunt' is to approach it letter by letter, and this is the approach I have taken here. I have examined the Indo-European, Latin, Greek, Celtic, and Dutch linguistic influences on 'cunt', and also discussed the wide variety of the word's contemporary manifestations. The prefix 'cu' is an expression of "quintessential femineity" Eric Partridge,confirming 'cunt' as a truly feminine term.
The synonymy between 'cu' and femininity was in place even before the development Casual bbw sex New Orleans Louisiana written language: Mark Morton suggests that the Indo-European 'skeu' 'to conceal' is also related. Thus, 'cu' and 'koo', All granny sex Burlington pronounced 'coo', were ancient monosyllabic sounds implying femininity.
Other vaginal slang words, such as 'cooch', 'coot', 'cooter' inspiring the Burlkngton headline Cooter Couture in'cooz', 'cooze', 'coozie', 'coozy', 'cookie', 'choochy', 'chocha', 'cootch', and 'coochie snorcher' are extensions of them.
Also, heterosexual pornographic films Burlingtn known as 'cooch reels'. The feminine 'cu' word-base is also the source of the modern 'cow', applied to female animals, one of the earliest recorded forms of All granny sex Burlington is the Old Frisian 'ku', indicating the link All granny sex Burlington 'cu'. Other early forms include the Old Saxon 'ko', the Dutch 'koe', the Old Higher German 'kuo' and 'chuo', the German 'kuhe' and 'kuh', the Old Norse 'kyr', the Germanic 'kouz', the Old English 'cy' also 'cua' and 'cyna'and the Middle English 'kine' and 'kye'.
The prefix has also been linked to elliptical thus, perhaps, metaphorically vaginal terms such as 'gud' Indo-European, 'enclosure''cucuteni' 'womb-shaped Roman vase''cod' 'bag''cubby-hole' 'snug place''cove' 'concave chamber'and 'keel' 'convex ridge'. The Italian 'guanto' 'glove' and the Irish 'cuan' 'harbour' may also be related, as they share with 'vagina' the literal meaning Free woman encounters in Los Angeles. RF Rattray highlights the connection All granny sex Burlington femininity and knowledge: Indeed, there is a significant linguistic connection between sex All granny sex Burlington knowledge: It also has vaginal connotations: The Latin 'cognoscere', related to 'cognate', may indeed be cognate with the sexual organ 'cunt'.
Knowledge-related words such as 'connote', 'canny', and 'cunning' may also be etymologically related to it, though such a connection is admittedly tenuous. Less debatable is the connection between 'cunctipotent' and 'cunt': Geoffrey Chaucer's 'cunt'-inspired term 'queynte' is yet another link between sex and knowledge, as he uses it All granny sex Burlington mean both 'vagina' and 'cunning'.Single Woman Seeking Nsa Meridian